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Web Technology Note for Computer Science

Web technology has revolutionized the way we interact with information, services, and each other on the internet. From simple static web pages to complex web applications, the World Wide Web (WWW) has become an integral part of our daily lives.

In this comprehensive lecture, we will explore the foundational concepts, protocols, and tools that underpin web technology notes, empowering computer scientists to understand and contribute to this dynamic field.


1. Understanding the World Wide Web (WWW)

The World Wide Web, commonly referred to as the Web, is a global system of interlinked hypertext documents accessed via the internet. Let’s break down its key components:

  • Hypertext Markup Language (HTML): HTML serves as the backbone of web pages, providing the structure and content that browsers render for users. HTML documents consist of elements such as headings, paragraphs, images, and hyperlinks, allowing for the creation of rich and interactive web content.

 

html
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<title>Sample HTML Page</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">
</head>
<body>
<header>
<h1>Welcome to My Website</h1>
</header>
<nav>
<ul>
<li><a href="index.html">Home</a></li>
<li><a href="about.html">About</a></li>
<li><a href="contact.html">Contact</a></li>
</ul>
</nav>
<main>
<section>
<h2>About Us</h2>
<p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.</p>
</section>
</main>
<footer>
<p>&copy; 2024 My Website</p>
</footer>
</body>
</html>
  • Uniform Resource Locator (URL): A URL is a web address that uniquely identifies a resource on the internet. It comprises several components, including the protocol (e.g., HTTP, HTTPS), domain name (e.g., www.example.com), and optional path to the resource (e.g., /page.html). URLs enable users to navigate between web pages and access specific resources.
  • Hyperlinks: Hyperlinks are elements within web documents that allow users to navigate between pages and resources on the web. By clicking on a hyperlink, users can instantly jump to another webpage, document, or multimedia file, enhancing the interconnected nature of the web.

2. Client-Server Model

The client-server model is a fundamental architecture that governs communication on the web, defining the roles of clients and servers:

  • Client: A client is a user’s device, such as a computer, smartphone, or tablet, that requests and consumes resources from web servers. Clients use web browsers (e.g., Chrome, Firefox, Safari) to send HTTP requests to servers and receive HTML documents, images, videos, and other resources in response.
  • Server: A server is a computer or system that stores and delivers web content in response to client requests. Web servers, such as Apache, Nginx, and Microsoft IIS, host websites and web applications, processing incoming requests and returning the appropriate responses.

3. Web Development Technologies

Web developers employ various technologies and tools to create dynamic and interactive web experiences:

  • Cascading Style Sheets (CSS): CSS is a style sheet language used to define the presentation and layout of HTML documents. By applying CSS rules to HTML elements, developers can control aspects such as colors, fonts, spacing, and positioning, enhancing the visual appeal and usability of web pages.
css
/* styles.css */
body {
font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
background-color: #f0f0f0;
}
header {
background-color: #333;
color: #fff;
padding: 10px 0;
text-align: center;
}

nav ul {
list-style-type: none;
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
}

nav ul li {
display: inline;
margin-right: 10px;
}

nav ul li a {
color: #333;
text-decoration: none;
font-weight: bold;
}

nav ul li a:hover {
color: #666;
}

  • JavaScript: JavaScript is a versatile scripting language that enables client-side interactivity and dynamic content generation. With JavaScript, developers can manipulate HTML elements, respond to user actions (e.g., clicks, keystrokes), fetch data from servers asynchronously (using AJAX), and create interactive web applications with rich user interfaces.
javascript
// script.js
document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function() {
const button = document.querySelector('button');
button.addEventListener(‘click’, function() {
alert(‘Button clicked!’);
});
});

  • Server-Side Scripting: Server-side scripting languages, such as PHP, Python, Ruby, and Node.js, allow for dynamic content generation on the server before delivering web pages to clients. These languages enable developers to generate HTML dynamically, interact with databases, handle user authentication, and perform complex server-side tasks, powering dynamic web applications and services.

4. Web Protocols

Web protocols facilitate communication between clients and servers, ensuring seamless data exchange across the internet:

  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP): HTTP is the foundation of data communication on the World Wide Web, governing the exchange of hypertext documents between clients and servers. When a client requests a web resource (e.g., a webpage or image) from a server, it sends an HTTP request containing the resource’s URL and other optional parameters. The server processes the request and returns an HTTP response containing the requested resource along with metadata such as status codes, headers, and cookies.
  • HTTPs (HTTP Secure): HTTPs is a secure extension of HTTP that encrypts data transmitted between clients and servers, providing confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity for web communications. HTTPs uses Transport Layer Security (TLS) or its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), to encrypt HTTP traffic, protecting against eavesdropping, tampering, and data interception by malicious actors.

5. Web Standards and Compatibility

Adherence to web standards is essential for ensuring compatibility and accessibility across different browsers, devices, and platforms:

  • World Wide Web Consortium (W3C): The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is an international community that develops and maintains open standards to ensure the long-term growth and interoperability of the Web. W3C standards, such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript specifications, define the syntax, semantics, and behavior of web technologies, promoting consistency and compatibility among web browsers and development tools.
  • Responsive Web Design: Responsive web design (RWD) is a design approach that aims to create web pages that adapt seamlessly to various screen sizes, resolutions, and orientations, providing an optimal viewing experience across devices. By using flexible grids, fluid layouts, and media queries, developers can design responsive websites that adjust their layout and content dynamically based on the user’s device, enhancing usability and accessibility.

Complete Physics Lesson Notes for SS 1-3

Welcome to our latest blog article, which introduces a game-changing resource for physics educators. Get complete Physics Lesson Notes for SS. We recognize how important it is for educators educating Senior Secondary School students to provide comprehensive and interesting tools that build a thorough knowledge of physics ideas.

Our painstakingly created SS lesson notes are intended to provide educators with the resources they need to give high-quality physics education and encourage students to discover the mysteries of the physical universe.

Join us as we look at the essential characteristics of these lesson notes and how they may turn your physics classroom into a center of curiosity, discovery, and scientific inquiry.

Physics Lesson NoteS for SS Sample

WEEK ONE

¬

INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS

¬

CONTENT

  • Meaning of Physics
  • Aspects of Physics
  • Importance of physics
  • Scholars Achievement in the Field of Physics

 

MEANING OF PHYSICS

Physics is the scientific study of matter and energy and how they interact with each other. The interests and concerns of physicists have always formed the basis of future technology.

Physics has the capability of playing a major role in finding solutions to many of the problems facing the human race. In a broader sense, physics can be seen as the most fundamental of the natural sciences.

¬

ASPECTS OF PHYSICS

  1. Mechanics
  2. Electricity
  3. Electromagnetism
  4. Nuclear and quantum physics
  5. Optics and Light
  6. Heat and thermodynamics

 

IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICS

Physics being the bedrock of technology has in no way been the foundation of global technological advancement. Physics contributes to the technological infrastructure and provides trained personnel needed to take advantage of scientific advances and discoveries.

Physics is important to man’s life because it is used in

  • Cooking food
  • Cleaning clothes
  • Watching TV
  • Heating your house
  • Playing sports

Everything else in your life

  • Physics plays an important role in health
  • Economic development
  • Education
  • Energy and
  • The environment

 

SCHOLARS ACHIEVEMENT IN THE FIELD OF PHYSICS

  1. William Gilbert (1544-1603) – An English physicist who hypothesized that the Earth is a giant magnet.
  2. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) – An Italian physicist. He performed fundamental observations, experiments, and mathematical analyses in astronomy and physics
  3. Willebrod Snell (1580-1626) – A Dutch physicist who discovered law of refraction (Snell’s law)
  4. Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) – A French physicist who discovered that pressure applied to an enclosed fluid is transmitted undiminished to every part of the fluid and to the walls of its container (Pascal’s principle)
  5. Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695) – A Dutch physicist. He proposed a simple geometrical wave theory of light, now known as “Huygen’s principle”
  6. Robert Hooke (1635-1703) – An English who discovered Hooke’s law of elasticity
  7. Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727) – An English physicist who developed theories of gravitation and mechanics, and invented differential calculus
  8. Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782) – A Swiss physicist. He developed the fundamental relationship of fluid flow now known as Bernoulli’s principle
  9. Benjamin Franklin(1706-1790) – An American. He was the first American physicist; characterized two kinds of electric charge, which he named “positive” and “negative”
  10. Charles Augustin de Coulomb (1736-1806) – A French physicist who performed experiments on elasticity, electricity, and magnetism; established experimentally nature of the force between two charges
  11. André Marie Ampère (1775-1836) РA French physicist and father of electrodynamics
  12. Georg Ohm (1789-1854) – A physicist from Germany. He discovered that current flow is proportional to potential difference and inversely proportional to resistance (Ohm’s law)
  13. Michael Faraday 1791-1867) – An English physicist who discovered electromagnetic induction and devised first electrical transformer
  14. Lord Kelvin (1824-1907) – A British physicist who proposed absolute temperature scale, of essence to development of thermodynamics

 

CLASSWORK

  1. What is physics?
  2. State five aspects of physics

ASSIGNMENT

SECTION A

  1. Which of the following statements is/are not true of physics (i) it is the building block of technology (ii) it is the basis for all technological invention (iii) it is irrelevant in electricity (a) i (b) ii (c) iii (d) i and ii
  2. Which of these is not a physicist (a) Albert Einstein (b) Sir Isaac Newton (c) Charles G. Finney (d) Neil Armstrong
  3. The following are invention related to physics except (a) electricity (b) raincoats (c) matches (d) driving skills
  4. Physics relies upon mathematics to provide the logical framework in which physical laws may be precisely formulated and predictions quantified (a) true (b) false (c) cannot say (d) all of the above
  5. Which of this physicist is known for the law of elasticity (a) Robert Hooke (b) Georg Ohm (c) Lord Kelvin

SECTION B

  1. Briefly describe how physics has helped in technological advancement
  2. Mention three scientists and their contributions to physics

 

WEEK TWO

MEASUREMENT OF MASS, WEIGHT, LENGTH & TIME

¬

CONTENT

  • Meaning of Measurement
  • Measurement of Mass
  • Measurement of Weight
  • Measurement of Length
  • Measurement of Time

¬

MEANING OF MEASUREMENT

Measurement is the process of observing and recording the observations that are collected as part of a research effort. To get the exact measurement of an object we make use of tools used in the field of science, especially in physics called measuring instrument. Examples of such instrument are chemical balance, spring balance, meter rule, caliper, micrometer screw guage, clock, thermometer etc.

 

MEASUREMENT OF MASS

Mass is the quantity of matter contained in a body. The instrument used in measuring mass is chemical/beam balance. It is a scalar quantity & measured in kilogram (kg). Mass is a fundamental quantity & is constant from place to place.

 

MEASUREMENT OF WEIGHT

Weight is the earth pull on a body or the downward force produced when a mass is in a gravitational field. The instrument used in measuring weight is spring balance. It is a vector quantity & measured in newton (N). Weight is a derived quantity & varies from place to place.

Relationship Between mass & weight¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬

W=mg

Where: W=weight (N); m=mass (kg) & g=acceleration due to gravity (m/s2)

MEASUREMENT OF LENGTH

Length is simply distance extended. It is a fundamental quantity & measured in meters (m).

Length can be measured using tape rule, meter rule, caliper, vernier caliper and micrometer screw guage

MEASUREMENT OF TIME

Time can be defined as the interval between events. It is a fundamental quantity & measured in seconds(s).Time can be measured using stop watch/clock

FUNDAMENTAL & DERIVED QUANTITY

Fundamental quantities are the basic quantities that are independent of others. They are length (m), mass (kg) and Time (s), electric current (A), temperature (k), amount of substance (moles) and luminous intensity (candela).

Derived quantities are those obtained by simple combination of basic quantities e.g. Area, Volume, Density, Velocity, Acceleration, Force, energy, work, power, momentum, pressure, electric charge, electric potential etc.

Physics Lesson NoteS for SS in Stock

We have comprehensive Physics Lesson Notes for SS 1-3 in stock. All you need to do is contact us on WhatsApp (08099001199) to get our comprehensive lesson notes with just a token. It’s created in MS Word document format to allow you to edit it the way you want.

We can also tweak the English Language Lesson Notes to suit your needs or scheme of work.

Wrapping Up

Finally, Physics Lesson Notes for SS provides educators with a significant resource for improving physics teaching and learning in Nigeria’s Senior Secondary Schools. Using our carefully curated lesson notes, instructors can pique students’ interest in physics, develop critical thinking abilities, and prepare them for future academic and professional opportunities in STEM disciplines.

Don’t pass up the opportunity to transform your physics curriculum and inspire your pupils to become future innovators and problem solvers. Purchase your book now and begin your road to greatness in physics teaching!

Download TRCN Past Questions and Answers

One of the requirements to be qualified as a Teacher in Nigeria is to be certified by the Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN). To get a TRCN certificate, you must have educational qualifications. This will enable you to take TRCN Professional Qualifying Examination (PQE).

The TRCN PQE, or the Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria Professional Qualifying Examination, is an examination that tests the competence of teachers in Nigeria. The TRCN also reviewed their prices upward, you may wish to see TRCN new prices for all their services.

The exam is designed to ensure that teachers meet the required standard of the TRCN and possess the necessary knowledge and skills to effectively teach in Nigerian schools.

Taking CBT Examination

The TRCN PQE is a Computer-Based Test (CBT) that is conducted online. It is important for candidates to prepare adequately for the test to increase their chances of success. Here are some tips on how to prepare for a CBT test:

  1. Familiarize yourself with the test format: Understand the structure and format of the TRCN PQE CBT test, which typically involves answering multiple-choice questions within a specified time. This will help you to manage your time effectively during the test.
  2. Practice with past questions: Obtain past questions and answers from reputable sources and practice answering them within the allocated time frame. This will help you to get familiar with the type of questions you will likely encounter in the actual exam.
  3. Improve your typing speed: Since the TRCN PQE CBT test is computer-based, you will need to type your answers. Therefore, it is important to practice typing to improve your speed and accuracy.
  4. Manage your time effectively: CBT tests are often timed, so it is important to manage your time effectively during the exam. You can do this by allocating time for each question and moving on quickly if you get stuck on a question.
  5. Get enough rest and eat healthily: Ensure that you get enough rest and eat healthily before the test to keep your mind and body in good condition. This will help you to stay alert during the exam.
  6. Familiarize yourself with the test center: If you will be taking the TRCN PQE CBT test at a test center, visit the center in advance to familiarize yourself with the environment.

Before we begin with the past questions and answers, let me remind you that you can get a secondary school scheme of work from this platform.

TRCN Past Questions and Answers

Here are ten likely past questions and answers for the TRCN PQE:

1. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of an effective teacher?

a. Preparedness

b. Professionalism

c. Inflexibility

d. Mastery of subject matter

Answer: c. Inflexibility

 

2. What is the primary function of the TRCN?

a. To regulate and control the teaching profession in Nigeria

b. To provide financial assistance to teachers

c. To provide textbooks to schools

d. To organize extracurricular activities for students

Answer: a. To regulate and control the teaching profession in Nigeria

 

3. Which of the following is an example of a formative assessment?

a. End-of-term examination

b. Mid-term examination

c. Class quiz

d. Final examination

Answer: c. Class quiz

 

4. What is the importance of using teaching aids in effective teaching?

a. To create a fun learning environment

b. To provide students with a break from lectures

c. To facilitate students’ understanding of complex concepts

d. To entertain students

Answer: c. To facilitate students’ understanding of complex concepts

 

5. What are the three domains of learning according to Bloom’s taxonomy?

a. Cognitive, psychosocial, and psychomotor

b. Cognitive, affective, and psychomotor

c. Cognitive, emotional, and physical

d. Cognitive, social, and emotional

Answer: b. Cognitive, affective, and psychomotor

 

6. Which of the following is NOT an ethical principle of teaching?

a. Responsibility

b. Respect

c. Caring

d. Dishonesty

Answer: d. Dishonesty

 

7. What is the role of guidance and counseling in education?

a. To provide financial aid to students

b. To help students make informed decisions

c. To grade students’ academic performance

d. To organize extracurricular activities for students

Answer: b. To help students make informed decisions

 

8. What is the importance of assessment in education?

a. To punish students for poor performance

b. To promote competition among students

c. To identify areas of strengths and weaknesses

d. To discourage students from learning

Answer: c. To identify areas of strengths and weaknesses

 

9. What is the difference between formative and summative assessment?

a. Formative assessment is ongoing while summative assessment is conducted at the end of a unit or course

b. Summative assessment is ongoing while formative assessment is conducted at the end of a unit or course

c. Both formative and summative assessments are conducted at the end of a unit or course

d. Formative assessment is conducted by teachers while summative assessment is conducted by external examiners

Answer: a. Formative assessment is ongoing while a summative assessment is conducted at the end of a unit or course

 

10. Which of the following is an example of a teaching method?

a. Report writing

b. Excursion

c. Questionnaire administration

d. Demonstration

Answer: d. Demonstration

NOTE: If you would like to practice online, we have the TRCN Past Questions Test you can practice with. It will show you the answers at the end of each exercise.

Wrapping Up

To prepare for a CBT test like the TRCN PQE, it is important to understand the test format, practice with past questions, manage your time effectively, get enough rest and eat healthily, and familiarize yourself with the test center. With these tips, you will be well-prepared to take the TRCN PQE CBT test and succeed.

TRCN New Prices for PQE, Registration and License

The Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN) recently made changes to its service price structure. This update intends to reflect the developing market and assure the quality of services provided, among other factors. In this blog article, we’ll go over the TRCN’s new rates and how to apply them.

While change can be difficult, knowing the new price plan will allow you to make more educated decisions about the TRCN test, certificate, and license. If you are worried about TRCN Exam, I found this article on how to prepare and pass TRCN exam helpful. Before we continue, let’s have a quick recap of the duties of TRCN.

What is TRCN?

The Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN) is the regulatory agency in charge of registering, licensing, and regulating teachers in Nigeria. Its principal responsibility is to ensure the professionalism, competency, and ethical behavior of teachers throughout the country.

TRCN manages the teacher certification process, establishing criteria for teaching credentials and administering exams to guarantee that educators fulfill the requisite capabilities. TRCN also creates and executes policies to improve the quality of teaching and learning in Nigeria’s schools. The council also offers professional development opportunities to help instructors improve their skills and expertise.

TRCN Teachers Categories

According to the TRCN, there are four levels of qualified teachers, and they are categorised from A to D as shown below:

QUALIFICATIONS

CATEGORY
Ph.D Category A
Master’s Degree Category B
B.Ed, B.Sc. Ed., PGDE, PDE Category C
NCE Category D

Now let us look at the TRCN new prices.

How much is TRCN PQE?

To obtain TRCN certificate, you will have to first of all write TRCN exam otherwise known as Professional Qualifying Exam (PQE). It is only when you have written this exam and passed that you can qualify to register for TRCN.

The TRCN new price is listed below. Kindly note that you will have to generate a remita number and use it for payment in any Nigeria commercil bank of your choice.

CATEGORY

AMOUNT (N)
Category A 8,000
Category B 7,000
Category C 6,000
Category D 5,000

How much is TRCN Certificate?

Getting a TRCN certificate is officially known as TRCN registration. After passing the PQE exam, you are expected to pay for the registration within one year. Else the exam score will become invalid. We have published TRCN syllabus for NCE in this article.

Below is the TRCN new price for registration also know as certificate.

CATEGORY

AMOUNT (N)
Category A 17,000
Category B 13,000
Category C 10,000
Category D 5,000

How much is TRCN License?

Just like many professional bodies, TRCN issues license to teachers in Nigeria who are their registered members. The license can last for 3 years before renewal. You can check TRCN syllabus for degree in this post.

Below is the TRCN new prices for license.

CATEGORY

AMOUNT (N)
Category A 30,000
Category B 24,000
Category C 18,000
Category D 12,000

Wrapping Up

The Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN) plays an important role in encouraging teaching excellence and ensuring that students obtain a high-quality education. You may wish to take practice of the TRCN past questions to sharpen up your knowledge.

TRCN is also planning to introduce a new policy where those who pass their exam will have just one year to register. Otherwise, their exam will become invalid after one year. This is similar to what the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) is doing.

Complete TRCN Exam Syllabus for NCE Category (D)

Education is an essential aspect of our society, and it plays a significant role in shaping the future of our communities. As a result, there is a need to ensure that educators are competent and qualified to impart knowledge to students. You can our demo TRCN past questions and answers for your preparation.

The Teachers’ Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN) was established to ensure that only qualified and competent individuals are allowed to practice the teaching profession in Nigeria. The TRCN conducts an examination to evaluate the competence of teachers, and this examination is compulsory for all individuals seeking to practice the teaching profession in Nigeria.

In this blog post, we will discuss the TRCN exam syllabus for NCE Category (D) to guide individuals preparing for the exam. We will provide a detailed breakdown of the topics to be covered in the exam, including the foundational aspects of education, the teaching profession, educational management and administration, educational psychology, general studies, special education, guidance, and counseling,

The Nigerian education system, research project, library studies, statistics, ICT in education, curriculum development, and measurement and evaluation.

TRCN Exam Syllabus for NCE

1. Foundations of Education

  • Historical and philosophical foundations of Education
  • Sociology of education
  • Psychology of education
  • Curriculum development
  • Assessment and measurement in education
  • Educational technology

2. Teaching Profession

  • Professional ethics and code of conduct
  • Teaching methods and strategies
  • Classroom management
  • Instructional materials and resources
  • Lesson planning and preparation
  • Evaluation of teaching and learning

3. Educational Management and Administration

  • Organization and administration of schools
  • School community relations
  • School plant management and maintenance
  • Financial management in schools
  • Educational leadership and supervision
  • Educational research and statistics

4. Educational Psychology

  • Human development and learning
  • Theories of motivation
  • Classroom assessment and evaluation
  • Theories of intelligence
  • Theories of personality
  • Theories of memory and forgetting

5. General Studies

  • Communication skills in English
  • Mathematics
  • Social studies
  • Science and technology
  • Environmental education
  • Health education
  • History of education
  • Philosophy of education

6. Teaching Practice

  • Micro-teaching
  • Lesson planning and delivery
  • Classroom management
  • Use of instructional materials and resources
  • Assessment and evaluation of teaching and learning
  • Reflection and self-evaluation

7. Special Education

  • Understanding exceptional children
  • Assessment and identification of exceptional children
  • Strategies for teaching exceptional children
  • Inclusive education
  • Collaboration with parents, educators and other stakeholders in the education of exceptional children

8. Guidance and Counselling

  • Basic concepts and principles of guidance and counselling
  • Theoretical perspectives in guidance and counselling
  • Techniques of counselling
  • Career guidance and counselling
  • Group guidance and counselling
  • School-based counselling programs

9. Nigerian Education System

  • The Nigerian educational system: structure and organization
  • Educational policies and reforms in Nigeria
  • The role of government in education
  • Funding and management of education in Nigeria
  • Contemporary issues in Nigerian education
  • Comparative education

10. Research Project

  • Introduction to research methods
  • Proposal writing and research design
  • Data collection, analysis and interpretation
  • Report writing and presentation
  • Ethics of research

11. Library Studies

  • Library organization and management
  • Use of library resources
  • Information literacy skills
  • Library and information services in education

12. Statistics

  • Introduction to statistics
  • Descriptive and inferential statistics
  • Measures of central tendency and variability
  • Sampling techniques
  • Hypothesis testing
  • Correlation and regression analysis

13. ICT in Education

  • Introduction to ICT
  • ICT tools for teaching and learning
  • Educational software and hardware
  • Internet and e-learning
  • ICT policies and regulations in education

14. Curriculum Development

  • Curriculum planning and development
  • Curriculum implementation and evaluation
  • Curriculum design models and approaches
  • Curriculum and instruction alignment
  • Curriculum and assessment alignment

15. Measurement and Evaluation

  • Test construction and administration
  • Grading and reporting
  • Educational measurement and evaluation techniques
  • Validity and reliability of assessment tools
  • Analysis and interpretation of test scores

Wrapping Up

This syllabus is intended to guide candidates preparing for the TRCN Exam in the NCE Category (D). Candidates are advised to study all the topics comprehensively to adequately prepare for the exam. You can aswell checkout TRCN exam syllabus for Degree holders.

Complete TRCN Exam Syllabus for Degree Category (C)

The Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN) is responsible for regulating the teaching profession in Nigeria. One of the key requirements for teachers to be registered with the TRCN is to pass the TRCN professional qualifying examination. The exam is designed to test the knowledge, skills, and competencies of teachers in various categories.

In this blog post, we will be discussing the TRCN Exam Syllabus for Degree Category. The TRCN Exam Syllabus for Degree Category (C) covers a wide range of topics that are essential for the professional development of teachers. You may want to see TRCN exam syllabus for NCE.

The syllabus includes foundations of education, the teaching profession, educational management and administration, educational psychology, general studies, teaching practice, special education, guidance and counseling, Nigerian education system, research project, library studies, statistics, ICT in education, curriculum development, and measurement and evaluation.

TRCN Exam Syllabus for Degree

Now let’s list the TRCN exam syllabus for the degree as officially published.

 

History of Education

 

Concept and Rationale of

History of Education;

History of Ancient Greek and Roman Education;

African Traditional Education;

Islamic Education in Nigeria;

Onset of Western Education in Nigeria;

Nigerian Education after Independence in 1960;

Evolution of primary and Junior Secondary Education in Nigeria;

Relating current educational system, polices, challenges and

successes to the history of Western, Traditional and Islamic Education in Nigeria.

 

Overview of the National

Policy on Education ‚Äď The national philosophy, objectives and directive principles related to education;

the national educational philosophy, goals and values;

types of education and critical issues recognized by the National Policy on Education; etc.

Traditional African Education, its functionality and relationship with modern education.

 

Brief account of the Early Greek and Roman Education in the Western World.

Introduction of Christian Missionary/Western Education to Nigeria:

Covering the pre-colonial through the Independence to the present time.

Origin and development of Islamic Education in Nigeria.

 

Current issues in Nigerian Education:

The 6-3-3-4 system; the prospects and constraints of the PPP ‚Äď Public Private Partnership – model in the ownership and control of education;

etc.

 

Philosophy of Education

 

Philosophy and education.

Various schools of thought in philosophy and their impact on education.

The philosophical bases for primary, secondary, tertiary and teacher education.

Educational issues and problems as they relate to the philosophy of education in Nigeria.

 

Sociology of Education

 

Sociology and Education;

the school as a social system;

Education, development and social mobility in Nigeria;

Educational problems and efforts to solve them.

 

The role of the teacher.

Structuring of educational programmes.

The concept and scope of Sociology of Education.

The concept, types, process and agents of socialization ‚Äď the family, peer group, mass media, school, religious organizations, etc.

The concepts of culture and subculture; norms and values; and other important sociological concepts relevant to education;

 

Education as culture.

Social change: Education as agent of social change in Nigeria.

The social learning theories and principles:

The Labeling theories, etc.

The school as a social system;

socialization processes at the school;

social factors that affect adaptation and learning at school.

 

Cases: social problems in the school, their causes, prevention and

management, e.g. cultism and gangsterism; robbery, rape, examination

malpractice, alcoholism, drug abuse; moral decadence, mass academic

failure; etc.

The roles of the teacher in the management of social problems in the school.

Factors that affect the development of Education in a country: sociopolictical,

economic, cultural, etc.

 

Educational Psychology

 

Stages and determinants of human development from

birth to adulthood.

Effects of heredity and environment on the physical, cognitive, social,

moral and emotional development of an individual.

The relation and application of psychological principles to educational practice and performance.

 

Introduction to the field of Educational Psychology.

Role of Psychology in the learning process.

Principles, stages and characteristics of human growth and development;

To include the cognitive/intellectual, moral, psychomotor/skill,

verbal/language, etc

 

Selected theories of personality (Minimum of two theories).

The nature/nurture debate (Heredity and environment).

Psychology and Instruction: Psychological factors that affect learning;

Psychological foundations of intelligence, motivation, etc;

Individual differences and effect on academic performance; etc.

 

Guidance & Counseling

 

The history, development and trends in Guidance and Counselling.

General principles, techniques and essential components of guidance and counselling.

The relevance of guidance and counselling to the National Policy on Education.

 

Multicultural aspects of counselling.

Assessment in Counselling.

Ethical issues and therapeutic processes in relation to unemployment, career choice, abuse, peer influence, sexuality, social relations, drug abuse etc.

The concept, scope and goals of Guidance and Counseling in schools.

 

Theories of Counseling

Guidance and Counseling tests.

Ethics of Guidance and Counseling services in schools.

Cases: Studies of specific learner/learning problems that require good knowledge of psychology, guidance and counseling and applicable strategies; Problemsolving techniques, etc.

 

The Teaching Profession

 

Historical development of teaching as a profession in Nigeria.

Provisions of the TRCN Act 31 of 1993.

Activities, programmes and policies of TRCN especially in the areas of

i. Registration and licensing of teachers

ii. Mandatory continuing professional education.

iii. Induction and internship schemes.

iv. Control of professional misconduct, incompetence and negligence.

v. Accreditation, monitoring and supervision of teacher education

programmes.

Etc.

 

Teacher Education

 

Concepts, aims and objectives of senior secondary school teacher education; Roles of the teacher in the school and as a member of a population group in Nigeria.

Teacher education issues, problems and strategies for improvement.

 

Classroom Management & School Organisation

 

Concept of classroom management and organisation – class organisation, classroom leadership, classroom arrangement, class control, class discipline, etc; concept and essence of school public relations;

Factors influencing school-public relations;

Staff-management relations; student-staff relations; parent-staff relations;

school environment; school programme; school performance; school tone.

 

Information and Communication Technology in Education

 

The concept, scope and role of Educational Technology in the teaching learning process.

Communication theories and models:

i. Types of Communication

ii. Models; Dale, Schramm, SMCR, Early Systems Mass Communication

 

The System Approach of Instructional Technology

i. Definition

ii. Component, goals, conditions, resources, outcomes, etc.

 

The resources of Instruction

i. Human

ii Non-human: print graphics/transparencies, audio, audiovisual realia,

games, simulations, multimedia, etc.

Principles for the Improvisation of teaching aids/media.

The concept, parts and functions of a computer.

The use/appreciation of computer.

Computing/typesetting skills.

 

Application packages:

Microsoft Word; PowerPoint, Excel, etc.

Production of documents using a computer.

Creation and use of emails and internet-based facilities.

 

Internet based research.

Use of the internet ‚Äď browsing, searching, mailing, social media, etc.

 

Subject Methodology

 

Classes of learning

objectives: Behavioural, instructional, expressive, etc objectives.

Formulation of behavioural objectives.

The concept of general and subject methodology.

Factors that determine methodology.

Overview of general teaching methods and techniques, their relative strengths and weaknesses.

The lesson plan as basic tool; format of a lesson plan.

Three broad groupings in instruction

i. Lecture or large group instruction

ii. Small/medium group interactive instruction

iii. Individual or selfinstruction

 

Issues in delivery of instruction

i. Introduction

ii. Logical progression

iii. Pace and language

iv. Time management

v. Classroom management/discipline

vi. Use of resources; visual aids, chalkboard, etc

vii. Questioning techniques, etc.

 

The concept and benefits of individualized instruction:

Primary focus on individual differences and designs that enable learners to develop at their own pace.

The problems and strategies for the management of large classes.

Subject methods; Theoretical material; steps; content; method; activity, resources. Practical material; skills, explanation, trial, practice.

Theory and Practice of Child-Friendly Schools

Concept, principles and models of CFS ‚Äď definition of CFS, Key generic principles of CFS based on the Convention on the Rights of the Child, child-centredness democratic participation, inclusiveness;

 

Quality as holistic and multi-dimensional; characteristics of CFS ‚Äď

Principle 1 (child rights and inclusive education),

Principle 2 (effective teaching and learning environments),

Principle 3 (safe supportive and protective learning environments),

Principle 4 (healthy and health-seeking learning environments),

Principle 5 (gender sensitive learning environments),

Principle 6 (democratic participation and partnership building); Policies in Nigeria that promote CFS; Child friendly school standards and indicators for teacher education; teacher preparation for CFS ‚Äď child centred interactive methodologies based on constructivist principles and activity based learner centred approach; facilities and resources required for CFS; Assessment of teaching in a CFS; Technology on a CFS learning and teaching; strategies for mainstreaming CFS concepts and principles in Nigeria.

Curriculum Studies

Key concepts of curriculum development to include objectives, contents, learning opportunities and evaluation; Knowledge and skills on curriculum

development;

Relating instruction (lesson objectives, learning experiences, learning

materials, methods and media of instruction, etc.) to curriculum.

Relating curriculum to national goals;

 

Overview of curriculum innovations in Nigeria with respect to specific subject areas.

The concept and scope of Curriculum; Curriculum as a teaching plan.

Curriculum types/design: integrated, core, single subject, etc curriculum typologies/design; formal/official and informal/hidden curriculum, etc; studentcentred and teacher-centred curriculum, etc.

 

Components of Curriculum Implementation

i. Curriculum content

ii. Resources

iii. Methods

Domains of learning and implications for curriculum development:

i. Cognitive

ii. Affective/moral

iii. Psychomotor

Assessment of learning outcomes Indices of curriculum nonimplementation

i. High dropout/ failure rates

ii. Examination malpractice

iii. Cultism and other vices

iv. Poor job performance.

Measurement and Evaluation

The concept and scope of measurement and evaluation.

Uses of tests; classification of tests as teacher-made, standardized, etc;

validation of test instruments; etc.

Types of test items, construction and use

i. Short answer type

ii. Essay type

iii. Unstructured type: observation, project, excursion, etc.

Evaluation standardization strategies; mean, normal curve, standard deviation, table of specification, error modification, standard score and T-score transformation, etc.

 

Continuous assessment:

concept, scope, rules, strengths and weaknesses.

Ethics in Measurement and Evaluation.

Measurement of affective domain: Using self-reports, observation techniques, projective, socio-metric, checklist, strategies, etc.

Computer based testing, online presentation of students results, etc.

Educational Management

Introduction of Educational Management.

The concept, scope and goals of Management.

Factors that contribute to effective Management. Management processes. Planning in the context of education.

Supervision of schools.

Managing the Nigerian Educational system.

The various categories of educational managers and their roles.

The meaning and scope of Educational Management.

Policy and legal issues in the management of Education in Nigeria; the control of education in Nigeria.

Basic principles and functions of Management.

Concept and types of organization/bureaucratic features of organizations.

 

Organizational structure:

Definition, types (classical and modern organization structures/centralized and

decentralized organizations, etc.)

The concepts of power and authority, types of authority.

 

Discipline in schools.

Programme planning/design in schools (co-curricular activities, examinations, etc.)

School supervision/inspection: Definition, goals, types, principles, etc.

Traditional and modern methods of school supervision/evaluation.

Qualities of a good supervisor and evaluator;

Prospects and constraints of quality assurance processes in Nigerian schools.

Ethics in Educational Management.

Special Education

Historical development of Special Education in Nigeria;

National Policy on Education and Special Education; types of exceptionalities; causes, characteristics, identification and intervention strategies and¬† rocedures; attitudes and beliefs; philosophy of education for exceptional children; general problems associated with each type of exceptionality and symptoms; inclusive education ‚Äď implementation, interdisciplinary collaboration, creating and managing inclusive classroom, methodology in inclusive education.

Education of Special Target Groups/Adult Education

Rationale, objectives and principles of adults, women, migrants, etc; strategies of non-formal education;

principles and strategies of Distance Education (DE);

Distance Learning System (DLS); Open and Distance Learning (ODL); Issues, problems, strategies and prospects of the education of women, nomads and migrant fishermen, and other sub-groups.

Nature and scope of adult education; problems and prospects of adult education in Nigeria; characteristics of the adult learner; methods and materials for teaching adults learners; adult education and human resources

development in Nigeria; adult education and national development; types of adult education organisations; crosscultural comparison of adult education programmes.

Comparative Education

Factors that influence the character and nature of educational systems of countries. Patterns of educational thought as reflected in some systems. Traditional educational issues and contemporary problems in education affecting technological and other aspects of development.

Analysis of the Structure of education and schooling processes in selected foreign countries, e.g. one country each selected from Africa, Asia, Europe and America.

A comparism of the Nigerian Education system with the selected countries.

Outline of the best practices and strengths of the foreign education systems that Nigeria needs to emulate.

Educational Statistics

Statistics and its functions.

Statistical distributions and their properties.

Measurement levels and applicable statistics.

Organization of data (ordinal, simple, frequency distribution, grouped and

cumulative, etc.).

Graphic representation of data ‚Äď Pictogram, Pie chart. Bar chart and histogram, Frequency polygon Ogive.

 

Measures of central tendency ‚Äď Mode, Median, Mean, etc.

Measures of dispersion, Range, Standard deviation, etc.

Decision making; types of errors. Various statistical instruments such as the

Normal Distribution curve, Student‚Äüs t-test, Stanine Scores, t-test, Analysis of

Variance, Coefficient of Correlation, etc.

Educational Research Methods

The concepts and typologies of Educational Research (pure and action/applied;

historical/descriptive/experimental;

quantitative/qualitative/eclectic, etc).

 

Planning the research.

Research topic, statement of problem, objectives, etc. Literature review.

Research design. Research methodology. Data collection techniques. Observation. Selfreports. Experimentation, etc.

Report writing: complete outline of a research report, etc.

Format for a Research Project.

Questionnaires and other instruments for data collection.

Formulation and testing of hypotheses, preparation of research

reports.

English Language & Communication Skills

Nature and Importance of Classroom Communication.

Types of language problems among learners and strategies for improvement.

Grammar: Parts of speech (nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives,

prepositions, etc); verb tenses, agreement/concord, auxiliary/models, questions, statements, commands; phrases, clauses, sentence types and patterns; direct and indirect speech, common errors; etc.

Writing: Punctuation, outlining, logical presentation of ideas;

paragraphing/structure/development, logical sequencing of paragraphs;

compositions ‚Äď narrative, descriptive, argumentative, explanatory, letter writing formal/informal; report writing, memos, speeches, minutes; writing styles ‚Äď inductive/deductive, generalizations, etc.

Reading: Reading problems; principles and techniques for effective reading; reading for various purposes (research, inferences, pleasure, scanning for key ideas, etc); creative reading; etc.

Listening: Listening types; listening defects; strategies for effective listening.

Use of the Library

Functions and types of library.

Types of library materials

Organisational structure of the library.

Library classification systems, bibliography, catalogues, etc.

Computerized library operations.

Basic Mathematics

Binary numbers, conversion from base 2 to base 10 and vice versa; sets definition, notation and diagrams; basic operations on factional and whole numbers; Fractions, decimals, and approximations; indices and surds;

graphs; change of subject of formulae.

Expansion and factorization of simple algebraic expressions; simple algebraic equations and methods of solutions; simple word problems; ratios, percentages, simple and compound interests; variations (direct and inverse).

Units of measurement for money, length, mass, weight, area, volumes; calculations of areas and volumes of 2 and 3 dimensional shapes e.g. triangle, square, rectangles, cylinder.

Properties and classification of 2 and 3 dimensional shapes; types of angles, horizontal, vertical, parallel and perpendicular lines; representation of data ‚Äď pictogram, bar and pie charts. Frequency distribution ‚Äď histogram and cumulative frequency distribution; mode, median and mean; range, mean deviation, and standard deviation; simple probability and application.

Micro Teaching Theory

Concept and process of micro teaching; relevance of micro teaching to teacher education; Set induction; Stimulus variation; planned repetition; reinforcement; non-verbal communication; questioning; closure; evaluation; merits and demerits of micro teaching.

Wrapping Up

The TRCN Exam Syllabus for Degree Category is a comprehensive guide that helps teachers to adequately prepare for the TRCN professional qualifying examination. It covers a wide range of topics that are essential for the professional development of teachers. The junior secondary school mathematics scheme of work can also be helpful since TRCN exam do include statistics questions.

Teachers who pass the TRCN professional qualifying examination and are registered with the TRCN are recognized as qualified and competent teachers in Nigeria. As such, it is important for teachers to study the TRCN Exam Syllabus for Degree Category comprehensively to adequately prepare for the exam and to enhance their professional development.

Primary School Lesson Notes (Primary 1-6)

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Creating lesson notes for primary school can be a daunting task, especially with the diverse range of subjects and topics to cover. My lesson notes are meticulously designed to align with the Nigerian primary school curriculum, covering all subjects from Mathematics to English Language and beyond. Each lesson note is crafted with the needs of both teachers and students in mind, providing comprehensive coverage of key concepts while promoting engagement and interactive learning.

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Senior Secondary School Lesson Notes (Sss1-3)

Greetings, esteemed educators and school administrators! Are you feeling overwhelmed by the task of creating lesson notes for senior secondary school classes? Fear not, because I’m thrilled to introduce you to my solution: high-quality, pre-made lesson notes tailored specifically for senior secondary school students.

This post dealth with seniro secondary school lesson notes, and shows how you can formulate your own lesson note using the Nigeria format. The template use here is generally acccepted in Nigeria Education.

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Understanding the Concept

Crafting lesson notes for senior secondary school can be a daunting endeavor, given the diverse range of subjects and topics to cover. My lesson notes are meticulously designed to align with the Nigerian senior secondary school curriculum, covering subjects like Mathematics, English Language, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Economics, and Literature in English.

Each lesson note is expertly curated to meet the needs of both teachers and students, providing comprehensive coverage of essential concepts while fostering engagement and interactive learning experiences.

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  • Quality Assurance: Rest assured that my lesson notes are created by experienced educators with a profound understanding of senior secondary school instruction.
  • Time-Saving: Say goodbye to endless hours of lesson planning! With my ready-made lesson notes, you can redirect your time and energy toward other crucial aspects of teaching.
  • Flexibility: Whether you’re teaching in a traditional classroom setting or navigating remote learning environments, my lesson notes are adaptable to diverse teaching scenarios.
  • Student-Centered Approach: Each lesson note is thoughtfully designed to promote active participation and critical thinking among students, nurturing a passion for learning and academic excellence.

Subjects Covered

English Language Lesson Notes

Mathematics Lesson Notes

Biology Lesson Notes

Chemistry Lesson Notes

Physics Lesson Notes

Economics Lesson Notes

Government Lesson Notes

Etc.

Customer Testimonials:

  1. ¬†“Using these lesson notes has transformed my teaching approach! They not only save me time but also keep my students engaged and eager to learn.” – Nneka Okoye, Senior Secondary School Teacher
  2. “As a school administrator, I highly recommend these lesson notes to fellow educators. They’re comprehensive, well-structured, and perfectly aligned with the curriculum.” – Chukwuemeka Eze

Nigeria Lesson Notes Template

Subject: [Subject Name]

Class: [Class Level]

Date: [Date]

Duration: [Duration of the Lesson]

Topic: [Topic Name]

Objectives:

  1. To introduce students to the concept of [Topic Name].
  2. To explain the key principles and components of [Topic Name].
  3. To engage students in activities that reinforce understanding of [Topic Name].

Prior Knowledge: Students should have prior knowledge of [relevant prerequisite concepts].

Materials:

  • Textbooks
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Worksheets/Handouts
  • Visual aids (charts, diagrams, etc.)

Lesson Content:

  1. Introduction to [Topic Name]:
    • Define [Topic Name] and its importance.
    • Provide real-life examples or applications.
  2. Key Concepts of [Topic Name]:
    • Explain the fundamental principles or theories related to [Topic Name].
    • Break down complex ideas into simpler components.
  3. Interactive Session:
    • Engage students in discussions or group activities to encourage active learning.
    • Use questioning techniques to assess understanding and clarify doubts.
  4. Practical Exercises:
    • Provide exercises or problems related to [Topic Name].
    • Monitor students’ progress and offer assistance as needed.
  5. Summary and Recap:
    • Summarize the main points covered during the lesson.
    • Encourage students to ask questions or seek clarification on any unclear concepts.

Homework/Assignment: Assign relevant tasks or exercises to reinforce learning and prepare students for the next lesson.

Assessment: Assess students’ understanding through quizzes, tests, or class participation.

Closure: Conclude the lesson by emphasizing the importance of [Topic Name] and its relevance to the curriculum.

Note to Teacher: Make necessary adjustments to suit the learning pace and abilities of the students. Encourage active participation and create a supportive learning environment.

Wrapping Up

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Junior Secondary School Lesson Notes (Jss1-3)

Hello, dedicated educators and school administrators! Are you feeling overwhelmed by the task of creating lesson notes for junior secondary school classes? Fear not, because I’m thrilled to introduce you to my solution: high-quality, pre-made lesson notes tailored specifically for junior secondary school students.

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With my lesson notes, you can bid farewell to the stress of planning and hello to efficient, effective teaching. So, sit back, relax, and let me handle the heavy lifting of lesson preparation for you!

Understanding the Concept

Crafting lesson notes for junior secondary school can be a daunting endeavor, given the diverse range of subjects and topics to cover. My lesson notes are meticulously designed to align with the Nigerian junior secondary school curriculum, covering subjects like Mathematics, English Language, Basic Science and Technology, Social Studies, Civic Education, Cultural and Creative Arts, and Business Studies. Each lesson note is expertly curated to meet the needs of both teachers and students, providing comprehensive coverage of essential concepts while fostering engagement and interactive learning experiences.

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  • Quality Assurance: Rest assured that my lesson notes are created by experienced educators with a profound understanding of junior secondary school instruction.
  • Time-Saving: Say goodbye to endless hours of lesson planning! With my ready-made lesson notes, you can redirect your time and energy toward other crucial aspects of teaching.
  • Flexibility: Whether you’re teaching in a traditional classroom setting or navigating remote learning environments, my lesson notes are adaptable to diverse teaching scenarios.
  • Student-Centered Approach: Each lesson note is thoughtfully designed to promote active participation and critical thinking among students, nurturing a passion for learning and academic excellence.

Subjects Covered

English Language Lesson Notes

Mathematics Lesson Notes

Basic Science Lesson Notes

Social Studies Lesson Notes

Physical and Health Education Lesson Notes

Home Economics Lesson Notes

Christian Religious Lesson Notes

Etc.

Customer Testimonials:

  1. “Using these lesson notes has transformed my teaching approach! They not only save me time but also keep my students engaged and eager to learn.” – Hajiya Aisha Abdullahi, Junior Secondary School Teacher
  2. “As a school administrator, I highly recommend these lesson notes to fellow educators. They’re comprehensive, well-structured, and perfectly aligned with the curriculum.” – Mallam Ibrahim Suleiman, School Principal

Wrapping Up

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Mathematics Scheme of Work for JSS2 (1st, 2nd & 3rd terms)

As students progress into Junior Secondary School Year 2 (JSS2), the complexity of mathematical concepts increases. Our meticulously crafted scheme of work for JSS2 Mathematics is designed to meet this challenge head-on. With a focus on building upon foundational knowledge while introducing new topics, our scheme provides a scaffolded approach to learning.

This post will show you a list of the mathematics scheme of work for jss2, and it has all the terms for the whole section. In between you will see how you can get our lesson notes to improve your productivity. You can also get the mathematics scheme of work for jss3 here.

From advanced algebra to trigonometry and statistics, each lesson is structured to enhance comprehension and problem-solving skills. Empower your JSS2 students to excel in mathematics with our comprehensive scheme of work.

Mathematics Scheme of Work for JSS2 First Term

WEEK

TOPIC / CONTENT

1

LARGE AND SMALL NUMBERS

i.  Practical representation of numbers using

a. words only

b. digits only

c. mixture of digits and words

ii. Identification of small numbers/fractions

iii.  Place value of digits.

2

STANDARD FORM OF NUMBERS

i.  Expressing whole numbers in standard form

ii. Expressing decimal numbers in standard form.

iii. Quantitative reasoning (QR) involving standard form

3

APPROXIMATION

i.  Approximation to a required degree of accuracy: tens, hundred, tenth etc.

ii. Approximation to decimal places

iii.  Approximation to significant figures.

iv.  Quantitative Reasoning involving approximation

4

FACTORS AND MULTIPLES

i.  Factors of numbers

ii. Prime factors of numbers not greater than 200

iii.  Expressing numbers as product of its prime factors

iv. Rules of divisibility

v.  H.C.F of numbers.

5

FACTORS AND MULTIPLES

i.  Multiples of numbers

ii. Common multiples and LCM

iii.  Squares and square roots

iv.  finding square roots of numbers by factors.

6

DIRECTED NUMBERS

i.  Addition and subtraction of directed numbers.

ii. Multiplication and division of directed numbers

iii. Simplifying expression with directed numbers.

7

INVERSE IDENTITY

i.  Additive inverse

ii. Multiplicative inverse

iii.  Use of inverse operation solving simple equations.

8

SIMPLE EQUATIONS IN ONE VARIABLE

 Solving equations of the form

i.  2x = 8 (ii) 3n-4 = 5

iii. 3x-4 = 2x+1 (iv) 2y+4

                                 7    = 2

9

GRAPHS

i.  Introduction to the Cartesian plane

ii. Identifying the X and Y axis

iii.  Plotting points on the Cartesian plane (coordinates)

iv.  Construct shapes from given coordinates.

10

LINEAR INEQUALITIES

i.  Identifying linear inequality in one variable

ii. Solving linear inequalities

iii. Graphical representation of solution of linear inequalities

iv. Word problems involving linear inequalities.

11

EVERYDAY ARITHMETIC

i.  Percentage and ratio

ii. Conversion of fractions to ratio, decimals, percentages.

iii.  Quantitative Reasoning on fractions, ratios and percentages.

12

EVERYDAY ARITHMETIC (TRANSACTION IN HOMES AND OFFICES)

i.  Profit  and loss

ii. Simple interest

iii.  Discount

iv.  Commission

13

Revision

14

Examinations

Mathematics Lesson Note for JSS2 First Term

Please contact us on WhatsApp (08099001199) to get our comprehensive lesson notes with just a token. It’s created in MS Word document format to allow you to edit it the way you want.

Mathematics Scheme of Work for JSS2 Second Term

WEEK

TOPIC / CONTENT

1

EXPANSION OF ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSION

i. Expansion of the form a(b+c) = ab + ac.

ii. Expansion of the form (a+b)(c+d)=ac+ad+bc+bd

iii. Quantitative Reasoning involving expansion.

2

FACTORIZATION OF ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSION

i. Factorization of the form ax+ay = a(x+y)

ii. Factorisation of the form abc+abd = ab(c+d).

3

ALGEBRAIC FRACTION

i. Algebraic fractions with monomial denominators (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division)

ii. word problems leading to simple algebraic fractions.

4

SIMPLE EQUATIONS

i. Solving simple equations

ii. Word problems on simple equations.

5

LINEAR INEQUALITIES IN ONE VARIABLE

i.  Solution of linear inequalities

ii. Graphical representation of linear inequalities.

iii.  Word problems involving linear inequalities in one variable.

¬

6

PLANE SHAPES AND FIGURES

Properties of:

i.  Parallelogram

ii. Rhombus

iii.  Kite

7

ANGLES IN A POLYGON

i. Revision of angles in a triangle

ii. Identification and naming of polygons (up to 10 sides)

iii.  sum of angles in a quadrilateral

iv.  The sum of interior angles in a polygon using (n-20 180o or (2n-4)90o.

¬

8

SCALE DRAWING

i. Drawing plane objects to scale

ii. Converting actual lengths to scale.

iii. Calculation from scale drawing

iv. Combination of plane shapes to produce design.

¬

9

GRAPHS

i. Revision of plotting of points on the Cartesian plane.

ii. solutions of linear equations in two variables using graphs

iii. Linear graphs from real life situations.

¬

10

ANGLES OF ELEVATION AND DEPRESSION

i.  Identifying angles of elevation and depression.

ii. Distinguishing between angles of elevation and depression

iii.  Measuring angles of elevation and depression.

iv. Using angles of elevation and depression in calculating distances and heights.

¬

11

Revision

13

Examinations

Mathematics Lesson Note for JSS2 Second Term

Please contact us on WhatsApp (08099001199) to get our comprehensive lesson notes with just a token. It’s created in MS Word document format to allow you to edit it the way you want.

Mathematics Scheme of Work for JSS2 Third Term

WEEK

TOPIC / CONTENT

1

BEARING

i. Identifying the cardinal points.

ii. Compass/acute and 3-digit bearing

iii.  Locating the position of objects

iv.  Finding the distance between objects using scale drawing.

2

THE PYTHAGORAS RULE

i.  The right-angled triangle

ii. Using Pythagoras rule to solve right-angled triangles.

iii. Pythagoras triples.

3

CYLINDERS AND CONES

i.  Curved surface area of cylinders

ii. Curved surface area of cones

iii.  Total surface area of cylinders

iv.  Total surface area of cones.

4

VOLUME OF CYLINDERS AND CONES

Deriving formulae for

i.  volume of cylinders

ii. volume of cones

iii. compound shapes i.e. a cone mounted on a cylinder.

5

APPROXIMATION II

Problems using the basic arithmetic operations involving

i.  Money (ii) population

iii. Exports (iv) Imports

v.  Quantitative Reasoning involving the above.

¬

6

READY RECKONERS

i. Obtaining squares and square root of given numbers from tables.

ii. Interpreting and using tables and schedules

iii. Multiplying and dividing directed numbers.

¬

7

STATISTICS

i.  Data presentation in ordered form

ii. Frequency tables

iii.  Pie chart

8

PROBABILITY

i. Examples which illustrate the occurrence of chance events in everyday life.

ii. Determining the probability of certain events.

iii. Application of probability in everyday life.

¬

9

SIMPLE PROPORTION

i.  Director proportion

ii. Inverse proportion

10

CONSTRUCTION

i. Construction of angles 90o and 45o etc.

ii. Bisection of given angles.

11

CONSTRUCTION

Construction of triangles given

i.  2 sides and an included angle

ii. 2 angles and a side between them

iii. All the 3 sides.

12

Revision

13

Examinations

Mathematics Lesson Note for JSS2 Third Term

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Wrapping Up

In summary, our comprehensive scheme of work for Junior Secondary School Year 2 (JSS2) Mathematics offers a structured approach to advancing students’ mathematical knowledge. With a focus on building upon foundational concepts while introducing new topics, our curriculum provides JSS2 students with the tools they need to tackle more complex mathematical problems.

Learn more about our junior secondary school lesson notes from here. Don’t forget that by following our meticulously planned lessons, educators can empower their students to excel in mathematics, laying the groundwork for future academic success and fostering a lifelong love of learning.