TRCN Exam Syllabus for NCE Category (D)

Education is an essential aspect of our society, and it plays a significant role in shaping the future of our communities. As a result, there is a need to ensure that educators are competent and qualified to impart knowledge to students.

The Teachers’ Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN) was established to ensure that only qualified and competent individuals are allowed to practice the teaching profession in Nigeria. The TRCN conducts an examination to evaluate the competence of teachers, and this examination is compulsory for all individuals seeking to practice the teaching profession in Nigeria.

In this blog post, we will discuss the TRCN exam syllabus for NCE Category (D) to guide individuals preparing for the exam. We will provide a detailed breakdown of the topics to be covered in the exam, including the foundational aspects of education, the teaching profession, educational management and administration, educational psychology, general studies, special education, guidance, and counseling, 

The Nigerian education system, research project, library studies, statistics, ICT in education, curriculum development, and measurement and evaluation. You can TRCN past questions and answers here.

TRCN Exam Syllabus for NCE

1. Foundations of Education

  • Historical and philosophical foundations of Education
  • Sociology of education
  • Psychology of education
  • Curriculum development
  • Assessment and measurement in education
  • Educational technology

2. Teaching Profession

  • Professional ethics and code of conduct
  • Teaching methods and strategies
  • Classroom management
  • Instructional materials and resources
  • Lesson planning and preparation
  • Evaluation of teaching and learning

3. Educational Management and Administration

  • Organization and administration of schools
  • School community relations
  • School plant management and maintenance
  • Financial management in schools
  • Educational leadership and supervision
  • Educational research and statistics

4. Educational Psychology

  • Human development and learning
  • Theories of motivation
  • Classroom assessment and evaluation
  • Theories of intelligence
  • Theories of personality
  • Theories of memory and forgetting

5. General Studies

  • Communication skills in English
  • Mathematics
  • Social studies
  • Science and technology
  • Environmental education
  • Health education
  • History of education
  • Philosophy of education

6. Teaching Practice

  • Micro-teaching
  • Lesson planning and delivery
  • Classroom management
  • Use of instructional materials and resources
  • Assessment and evaluation of teaching and learning
  • Reflection and self-evaluation

7. Special Education

  • Understanding exceptional children
  • Assessment and identification of exceptional children
  • Strategies for teaching exceptional children
  • Inclusive education
  • Collaboration with parents, educators and other stakeholders in the education of exceptional children

8. Guidance and Counselling

  • Basic concepts and principles of guidance and counselling
  • Theoretical perspectives in guidance and counselling
  • Techniques of counselling
  • Career guidance and counselling
  • Group guidance and counselling
  • School-based counselling programs

9. Nigerian Education System

  • The Nigerian educational system: structure and organization
  • Educational policies and reforms in Nigeria
  • The role of government in education
  • Funding and management of education in Nigeria
  • Contemporary issues in Nigerian education
  • Comparative education

10. Research Project

  • Introduction to research methods
  • Proposal writing and research design
  • Data collection, analysis and interpretation
  • Report writing and presentation
  • Ethics of research

11. Library Studies

  • Library organization and management
  • Use of library resources
  • Information literacy skills
  • Library and information services in education

12. Statistics

  • Introduction to statistics
  • Descriptive and inferential statistics
  • Measures of central tendency and variability
  • Sampling techniques
  • Hypothesis testing
  • Correlation and regression analysis

13. ICT in Education

  • Introduction to ICT
  • ICT tools for teaching and learning
  • Educational software and hardware
  • Internet and e-learning
  • ICT policies and regulations in education

14. Curriculum Development

  • Curriculum planning and development
  • Curriculum implementation and evaluation
  • Curriculum design models and approaches
  • Curriculum and instruction alignment
  • Curriculum and assessment alignment

15. Measurement and Evaluation

  • Test construction and administration
  • Grading and reporting
  • Educational measurement and evaluation techniques
  • Validity and reliability of assessment tools
  • Analysis and interpretation of test scores

You can aswell checkout TRCN exam syllabus for Degree holders.

Wrapping Up

This syllabus is intended to guide candidates preparing for the TRCN Exam in the NCE Category (D). Candidates are advised to study all the topics comprehensively to adequately prepare for the exam.

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TRCN Exam Syllabus for Degree Category (C)


The Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN) is responsible for regulating the teaching profession in Nigeria. One of the key requirements for teachers to be registered with the TRCN is to pass the TRCN professional qualifying examination. The exam is designed to test the knowledge, skills, and competencies of teachers in various categories.

In this blog post, we will be discussing the TRCN Exam Syllabus for Degree Category. The TRCN Exam Syllabus for Degree Category (C) covers a wide range of topics that are essential for the professional development of teachers. You may want to see TRCN exam syllabus for NCE.

The syllabus includes foundations of education, teaching profession, educational management and administration, educational psychology, general studies, teaching practice, special education, guidance and counselling, Nigerian education system, research project, library studies, statistics, ICT in education, curriculum development, and measurement and evaluation.

TRCN Exam Syllabus for Degree

Now let’s list the TRCN exam syllabus for degree as officially published.

History of Education

Concept and Rationale of

History of Education;

History of Ancient Greek and Roman Education;

African Traditional Education;

Islamic Education in Nigeria;

Onset of Western Education in Nigeria;

Nigerian Education after Independence in 1960;

Evolution of primary and Junior Secondary Education in Nigeria;

Relating current educational system, polices, challenges and

successes to the history of Western, Traditional and Islamic Education in Nigeria.

Overview of the National

Policy on Education – The national philosophy, objectives and directive principles related to education;

the national educational philosophy, goals and values;

types of education and critical issues recognized by the National Policy on Education; etc.

Traditional African Education, its functionality and relationship with modern education.

Brief account of the Early Greek and Roman Education in the Western World.

Introduction of Christian Missionary/Western Education to Nigeria:

Covering the pre-colonial through the Independence to the present time.

Origin and development of Islamic Education in Nigeria.

Current issues in Nigerian Education:

The 6-3-3-4 system; the prospects and constraints of the PPP – Public Private Partnership – model in the ownership and control of education; 


Philosophy of Education

Philosophy and education.

Various schools of thought in philosophy and their impact on education.

The philosophical bases for primary, secondary, tertiary and teacher education.

Educational issues and problems as they relate to the philosophy of education in Nigeria.

Sociology of Education

Sociology and Education;

the school as a social system;

Education, development and social mobility in Nigeria;

Educational problems and efforts to solve them. 

The role of the teacher.

Structuring of educational programmes.

The concept and scope of Sociology of Education.

The concept, types, process and agents of socialization – the family, peer group, mass media, school, religious organizations, etc.

The concepts of culture and subculture; norms and values; and other important sociological concepts relevant to education;

Education as culture.

Social change: Education as agent of social change in Nigeria.

The social learning theories and principles: 

The Labeling theories, etc.

The school as a social system;

socialization processes at the school;

social factors that affect adaptation and learning at school.

Cases: social problems in the school, their causes, prevention and

management, e.g. cultism and gangsterism; robbery, rape, examination

malpractice, alcoholism, drug abuse; moral decadence, mass academic

failure; etc.

The roles of the teacher in the management of social problems in the school.

Factors that affect the development of Education in a country: sociopolictical,

economic, cultural, etc.

Educational Psychology

Stages and determinants of human development from

birth to adulthood.

Effects of heredity and environment on the physical, cognitive, social,

moral and emotional development of an individual.

The relation and application of psychological principles to educational practice and performance.

Introduction to the field of Educational Psychology.

Role of Psychology in the learning process.

Principles, stages and characteristics of human growth and development;

To include the cognitive/intellectual, moral, psychomotor/skill, 

verbal/language, etc

Selected theories of personality (Minimum of two theories).

The nature/nurture debate (Heredity and environment).

Psychology and Instruction: Psychological factors that affect learning;

Psychological foundations of intelligence, motivation, etc; 

Individual differences and effect on academic performance; etc.

Guidance & Counseling

The history, development and trends in Guidance and Counselling.

General principles, techniques and essential components of guidance and counselling.

The relevance of guidance and counselling to the National Policy on Education.

Multicultural aspects of counselling.

Assessment in Counselling.

Ethical issues and therapeutic processes in relation to unemployment, career choice, abuse, peer influence, sexuality, social relations, drug abuse etc.

The concept, scope and goals of Guidance and Counseling in schools.

Theories of Counseling

Guidance and Counseling tests.

Ethics of Guidance and Counseling services in schools.

Cases: Studies of specific learner/learning problems that require good knowledge of psychology, guidance and counseling and applicable strategies; Problemsolving techniques, etc.

The Teaching Profession

Historical development of teaching as a profession in Nigeria.

Provisions of the TRCN Act 31 of 1993.

Activities, programmes and policies of TRCN especially in the areas of

i. Registration and licensing of teachers

ii. Mandatory continuing professional education.

iii. Induction and internship schemes.

iv. Control of professional misconduct, incompetence and negligence.

v. Accreditation, monitoring and supervision of teacher education



Teacher Education

Concepts, aims and objectives of senior secondary school teacher education; Roles of the teacher in the school and as a member of a population group in Nigeria. 

Teacher education issues, problems and strategies for improvement.

Classroom Management & School Organisation

Concept of classroom management and organisation – class organisation, classroom leadership, classroom arrangement, class control, class discipline, etc; concept and essence of school public relations;

Factors influencing school-public relations;

Staff-management relations; student-staff relations; parent-staff relations;

school environment; school programme; school performance; school tone.

Information and Communication Technology in Education

The concept, scope and role of Educational Technology in the teaching learning process.

Communication theories and models:

i. Types of Communication

ii. Models; Dale, Schramm, SMCR, Early Systems Mass Communication

The System Approach of Instructional Technology

i. Definition

ii. Component, goals, conditions, resources, outcomes, etc.

The resources of Instruction

i. Human

ii Non-human: print graphics/transparencies, audio, audiovisual realia,

games, simulations, multimedia, etc.

Principles for the Improvisation of teaching aids/media.

The concept, parts and functions of a computer.

The use/appreciation of computer.

Computing/typesetting skills.

Application packages:

Microsoft Word; PowerPoint, Excel, etc.

Production of documents using a computer.

Creation and use of emails and internet-based facilities.

Internet based research.

Use of the internet – browsing, searching, mailing, social media, etc.

Subject Methodology

Classes of learning

objectives: Behavioural, instructional, expressive, etc objectives.

Formulation of behavioural objectives.

The concept of general and subject methodology.

Factors that determine methodology.

Overview of general teaching methods and techniques, their relative strengths and weaknesses.

The lesson plan as basic tool; format of a lesson plan.

Three broad groupings in instruction

i. Lecture or large group instruction

ii. Small/medium group interactive instruction

iii. Individual or selfinstruction 

Issues in delivery of instruction

i. Introduction

ii. Logical progression

iii. Pace and language

iv. Time management

v. Classroom management/discipline

vi. Use of resources; visual aids, chalkboard, etc

vii. Questioning techniques, etc.

The concept and benefits of individualized instruction:

Primary focus on individual differences and designs that enable learners to develop at their own pace.

The problems and strategies for the management of large classes.

Subject methods; Theoretical material; steps; content; method; activity, resources. Practical material; skills, explanation, trial, practice.

Theory and Practice of Child-Friendly Schools

Concept, principles and models of CFS – definition of CFS, Key generic principles of CFS based on the Convention on the Rights of the Child, child-centredness democratic participation, inclusiveness; 

Quality as holistic and multi-dimensional; characteristics of CFS – 

Principle 1 (child rights and inclusive education),

Principle 2 (effective teaching and learning environments),

Principle 3 (safe supportive and protective learning environments), 

Principle 4 (healthy and health-seeking learning environments), 

Principle 5 (gender sensitive learning environments), 

Principle 6 (democratic participation and partnership building); Policies in Nigeria that promote CFS; Child friendly school standards and indicators for teacher education; teacher preparation for CFS – child centred interactive methodologies based on constructivist principles and activity based learner centred approach; facilities and resources required for CFS; Assessment of teaching in a CFS; Technology on a CFS learning and teaching; strategies for mainstreaming CFS concepts and principles in Nigeria.

Curriculum Studies

Key concepts of curriculum development to include objectives, contents, learning opportunities and evaluation; Knowledge and skills on curriculum


Relating instruction (lesson objectives, learning experiences, learning

materials, methods and media of instruction, etc.) to curriculum.

Relating curriculum to national goals; 

Overview of curriculum innovations in Nigeria with respect to specific subject areas.

The concept and scope of Curriculum; Curriculum as a teaching plan.

Curriculum types/design: integrated, core, single subject, etc curriculum typologies/design; formal/official and informal/hidden curriculum, etc; studentcentred and teacher-centred curriculum, etc.

Components of Curriculum Implementation

i. Curriculum content

ii. Resources

iii. Methods

Domains of learning and implications for curriculum development:

i. Cognitive

ii. Affective/moral

iii. Psychomotor

Assessment of learning outcomes Indices of curriculum nonimplementation

i. High dropout/ failure rates

ii. Examination malpractice

iii. Cultism and other vices

iv. Poor job performance.

Measurement and Evaluation

The concept and scope of measurement and evaluation.

Uses of tests; classification of tests as teacher-made, standardized, etc;

validation of test instruments; etc.

Types of test items, construction and use

i. Short answer type

ii. Essay type

iii. Unstructured type: observation, project, excursion, etc.

Evaluation standardization strategies; mean, normal curve, standard deviation, table of specification, error modification, standard score and T-score transformation, etc.

Continuous assessment:

concept, scope, rules, strengths and weaknesses.

Ethics in Measurement and Evaluation.

Measurement of affective domain: Using self-reports, observation techniques, projective, socio-metric, checklist, strategies, etc.

Computer based testing, online presentation of students results, etc.

Educational Management

Introduction of Educational Management.

The concept, scope and goals of Management. 

Factors that contribute to effective Management. Management processes. Planning in the context of education.

Supervision of schools.

Managing the Nigerian Educational system.

The various categories of educational managers and their roles.

The meaning and scope of Educational Management.

Policy and legal issues in the management of Education in Nigeria; the control of education in Nigeria.

Basic principles and functions of Management.

Concept and types of organization/bureaucratic features of organizations.

Organizational structure:

Definition, types (classical and modern organization structures/centralized and

decentralized organizations, etc.)

The concepts of power and authority, types of authority.

Discipline in schools.

Programme planning/design in schools (co-curricular activities, examinations, etc.)

School supervision/inspection: Definition, goals, types, principles, etc.

Traditional and modern methods of school supervision/evaluation.

Qualities of a good supervisor and evaluator;

Prospects and constraints of quality assurance processes in Nigerian schools.

Ethics in Educational Management.

Special Education

Historical development of Special Education in Nigeria;

National Policy on Education and Special Education; types of exceptionalities; causes, characteristics, identification and intervention strategies and  rocedures; attitudes and beliefs; philosophy of education for exceptional children; general problems associated with each type of exceptionality and symptoms; inclusive education – implementation, interdisciplinary collaboration, creating and managing inclusive classroom, methodology in inclusive education.

Education of Special Target Groups/Adult Education

Rationale, objectives and principles of adults, women, migrants, etc; strategies of non-formal education;

principles and strategies of Distance Education (DE);

Distance Learning System (DLS); Open and Distance Learning (ODL); Issues, problems, strategies and prospects of the education of women, nomads and migrant fishermen, and other sub-groups.

Nature and scope of adult education; problems and prospects of adult education in Nigeria; characteristics of the adult learner; methods and materials for teaching adults learners; adult education and human resources

development in Nigeria; adult education and national development; types of adult education organisations; crosscultural comparison of adult education programmes.

Comparative Education

Factors that influence the character and nature of educational systems of countries. Patterns of educational thought as reflected in some systems. Traditional educational issues and contemporary problems in education affecting technological and other aspects of development.

Analysis of the Structure of education and schooling processes in selected foreign countries, e.g. one country each selected from Africa, Asia, Europe and America.

A comparism of the Nigerian Education system with the selected countries.

Outline of the best practices and strengths of the foreign education systems that Nigeria needs to emulate.

Educational Statistics

Statistics and its functions.

Statistical distributions and their properties.

Measurement levels and applicable statistics.

Organization of data (ordinal, simple, frequency distribution, grouped and

cumulative, etc.).

Graphic representation of data – Pictogram, Pie chart. Bar chart and histogram, Frequency polygon Ogive.

Measures of central tendency – Mode, Median, Mean, etc.

Measures of dispersion, Range, Standard deviation, etc.

Decision making; types of errors. Various statistical instruments such as the

Normal Distribution curve, Student‟s t-test, Stanine Scores, t-test, Analysis of

Variance, Coefficient of Correlation, etc.

Educational Research Methods

The concepts and typologies of Educational Research (pure and action/applied;


quantitative/qualitative/eclectic, etc).

Planning the research.

Research topic, statement of problem, objectives, etc. Literature review.

Research design. Research methodology. Data collection techniques. Observation. Selfreports. Experimentation, etc.

Report writing: complete outline of a research report, etc.

Format for a Research Project. 

Questionnaires and other instruments for data collection.

Formulation and testing of hypotheses, preparation of research


English Language & Communication Skills

Nature and Importance of Classroom Communication.

Types of language problems among learners and strategies for improvement.

Grammar: Parts of speech (nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives,

prepositions, etc); verb tenses, agreement/concord, auxiliary/models, questions, statements, commands; phrases, clauses, sentence types and patterns; direct and indirect speech, common errors; etc.

Writing: Punctuation, outlining, logical presentation of ideas;

paragraphing/structure/development, logical sequencing of paragraphs;

compositions – narrative, descriptive, argumentative, explanatory, letter writing formal/informal; report writing, memos, speeches, minutes; writing styles – inductive/deductive, generalizations, etc.

Reading: Reading problems; principles and techniques for effective reading; reading for various purposes (research, inferences, pleasure, scanning for key ideas, etc); creative reading; etc.

Listening: Listening types; listening defects; strategies for effective listening.

Use of the Library

Functions and types of library.

Types of library materials

Organisational structure of the library.

Library classification systems, bibliography, catalogues, etc.

Computerized library operations.

Basic Mathematics

Binary numbers, conversion from base 2 to base 10 and vice versa; sets definition, notation and diagrams; basic operations on factional and whole numbers; Fractions, decimals, and approximations; indices and surds;

graphs; change of subject of formulae.

Expansion and factorization of simple algebraic expressions; simple algebraic equations and methods of solutions; simple word problems; ratios, percentages, simple and compound interests; variations (direct and inverse).

Units of measurement for money, length, mass, weight, area, volumes; calculations of areas and volumes of 2 and 3 dimensional shapes e.g. triangle, square, rectangles, cylinder.

Properties and classification of 2 and 3 dimensional shapes; types of angles, horizontal, vertical, parallel and perpendicular lines; representation of data – pictogram, bar and pie charts. Frequency distribution – histogram and cumulative frequency distribution; mode, median and mean; range, mean deviation, and standard deviation; simple probability and application.

Micro Teaching Theory

Concept and process of micro teaching; relevance of micro teaching to teacher education; Set induction; Stimulus variation; planned repetition; reinforcement; non-verbal communication; questioning; closure; evaluation; merits and demerits of micro teaching.

Wrapping Up

The TRCN Exam Syllabus for Degree Category is a comprehensive guide that helps teachers to adequately prepare for the TRCN professional qualifying examination. It covers a wide range of topics that are essential for the professional development of teachers.

Teachers who pass the TRCN professional qualifying examination and are registered with the TRCN are recognized as qualified and competent teachers in Nigeria. As such, it is important for teachers to study the TRCN Exam Syllabus for Degree Category comprehensively to adequately prepare for the exam and to enhance their professional development.